References on phoneme entropy


Hockett, Charles F. 1953. Review of The mathematical theory of communication, by Claude L. Shannon and Warren Weaver. Language, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 69-93

http://www.jstor.org/stable/410457


Harris, Zellig S. 1955. From phoneme to morpheme. Language, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 190-222.

http://www.jstor.org/stable/411036


Hockett, Charles F. 1955. A Manual of Phonology (= International Journal of American Linguistics 21). Indiana University Press. 


Chomsky, Noam. 1957. Review of A Manual of Phonology, By Charles F. Hockett. International Journal of American Linguistics, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 223-234

http://www.jstor.org/stable/1263617


Hockett, Charles F. 1967. The Quantification of Functional Load. Word, 23:320–339.


Wang, William S-Y. 1967. The Measurement of Functional Load. Phonetica, 16:36–54.


McCalla, Kim. 1985. Entropy in natural languages. Folia Linguistica. Volume 19, Issue 3-4, Pages 343–356.

http://www.reference-global.com/doi/abs/10.1515/flin.1985.19.3-4.343


Van de Laar, V., B. Kleijn, and E. Deprettere. 1997. Perceptual entropy rate estimates for the phonemes of American English. In IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1997. ICASSP-97., volume 3 (1997).

http://www.computer.org/portal/web/csdl/doi/10.1109/ICASSP.1997.598853


Surendran, Dinoj, and Partha Niyogi. 2003. Measuring the Usefulness (Functional Load) of Phonological Contrasts. Technical Report TR-2003-12., Department of Computer Science, University of Chicago.

http://www.cs.uchicago.edu/research/publications/techreports/TR-2003-12


Surendran, Dinoj, and Partha Niyogi. 2004. Quantifying the functional load of phonemic oppositions, distinctive features, and suprasegmentals. In Competing Models of Linguistic Change: Evolution and Beyond. In commemoration of Eugenio Coseriu (1921-2002). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: Benjamins.

http://people.cs.uchicago.edu/~dinoj/fload_bookchapter.pdf


Surendran, Dinoj, and Gina-Anne Levow. 2004. The Functional Load of Tone in Mandarin is as High as that of Vowels. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody 2004, pages 99–102, Nara, Japan.

http://people.cs.uchicago.edu/~dinoj/research/fltonemandarin.pdf


Borgwaldt, S.R., Hellwig, F., Groot, A.M.B. 2004. Word-initial entropy in five languages -- letter to sound and sound to letter. Written Language and Literacy 7: 165-184.


Borgwaldt, S.R., F. M. Hellwig, A. DeGroot, and R. Licht. 2006. Word-initial sound-spelling patterns: Cross-linguistic analyses and empirical validations of phoneme-letter feedback consistency eects. The University of Alberta Working Papers in Linguistics 1.


Moberg, Jens, Charlotte Gooskens, John Nerbonne and Nathan Vaillette. 2007. Conditional Entropy Measures Intelligibility among Related Languages. In: Peter Dirix, Ineke Schuurman, Vincent Vandeghinste & Frank Van Eynde (eds.) Computational Linguistics in the Netherlands 2006: Selected papers from the 17th CLIN Meeting Utrecht: LOT, 2007. 51-66.

http://urd.let.rug.nl/nerbonne/papers/Moberg-Gooskens-Nerbonne-2006-CLIN.pdf


Chong, Andrew, Lalitha Sankar, H. Vincent Poor. 2009. Frequency of Occurrence and Information Entropy of American Sign Language. Manuscript, Princeton.

http://arxiv.org/abs/0912.1768


Coupé, C., Marsico, E. & Pellegrino, F. 2009. Structural complexity of phonological systems. In: Approaches to phonological complexity, 16, Pellegrino, F., Marsico, E., Chitoran, I. & Coupé, C. (eds), Phonology & Phonetics Series, Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 141-169.

http://www.reference-global.com/isbn/978-3-11-022394-1


Pellegrino, F. 2009. De l'identification des langues à la complexité phonologique. Habilitation à diriger des recherches, Sciences du Langage, Université Lumière Lyon 2, Université de Lyon, soutenue le 22 janvier 2009 à Lyon, 154 p.

http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/fulltext/pellegrino/Pellegrino_2009_HDR_Synthese.pdf